What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal diseases are symptomless infections of the gums. These infections gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. In addition, studies have shown a strong link between periodontal disease – even in its early stages – and serious systemic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pre-term low birth weight, cancer, brain abscesses and pneumonia.
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Some people, even with the most diligent home dental care, can still develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
How Do You Know if You have Periodontal Disease?
There are several warning signs that can indicate that you may be experiencing some form of periodontal disease:
- Red, swollen, tender gums that bleed easily
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of dental appliances